Micro controllers

AN OVERVIEW

Baically I work up with PIC 16f877A and 12F629

Lets deal with programmin a PIC with a combination of compiler and programmer that i use for my projects.

COMPILER

The compiler i used is MikroC which is a freeware till a code lenth of 2kb.More than that u have to buy for bucks.But then any normal project work upto a level of a student can be easily accomodated within 2kb space, So its damn too easy with MikroC with a lot of inbuilt functions and a goo interface.

You can download MikroC from here

To learn how it works the same page gives u Manual in PDF format. Now i had tough time going through the Manual so i figured how to work by trial and error. There are various problems related to opwning a project and compiling it and working.possibly i am a biology major and i don know much of programmin it seemed tough for me but them to keep it fair there always is a manual and your own trial and error skils!!!I will be addressing the errors in the later part of this page(do catch up).In case you are a very patient reader you are always welcome to get new things from there(those manuals) and let me and other readers know!

Once you have written and compiled your code in MikroC you will have a .HEX file in the project folder it will have something like this below

:100000005928FF3FFF3FFF3F243003138312F000C6
:10001000FF30F100F00B0D281028F10B0D280A28F5
:100020009E30F200F20B12280800043003138312F2
:10003000F000FF30F100F00B1E282128F10B1E28E4
:100040001B283830F200F20B232800000800113082
:1000500003138312A0002230A1004430A200883094
:10006000A300080003138316860183128601A401EE
:100070003430F0007008240203185828A501043019
:10008000F00070082502031856282030F0002508DB
:10009000F007700884000008860004201520152051
:1000A0001520152015201520A50A3F28A40A382858
:1000B00008002720031383125E28602832205A2864
:1000C0006028FF3FFF3FFF3FFF3FFF3FFF3FFF3FF6
:0200020050505C
:00000001FF
HEY DON”T WORRY ALL THIS IS TAKEN CARE BY MickroC. U don have to type in one number of it.

now this is the file yu need to burn into the PIC.

A word about PIC (it will be delt in detail on individual pages)
I work with a 40 pin PIC16F877A. it has 32 i/o pins so comes very handy in cases where i use stepper motors and i need more control wires etc.Another PIC i’m workin recently is 12F629 it has an internal oscillator and best part is it is just 8 pin so it remains hidden under your circuit yet doing a lot of work!.

PROGRAMMER

I bought a programmer from the market. it costed me 4500 buck. its a hell damn costly.When i initatially started working with PIC i had no one to help so did not know how to burn and other issues so to keep on the safer side i bought on(Also because i was racing against time….. hmmm long story i’l blog that up later.)

But even bigginers can make their own PIC programmer. Few days back my friend Ganesh (Meet him) said he made a PIC out of a monitor component or module.I’m damn sure none of you would want to use your monitor part for that (u rather buy) unless you haveone scrap monitor in your junbox.

Wait for a few days.. I’l soon put up a small circuit with the programming software for burning it onto your chip.

ISSUES

The PIC you will make will be specific to one particular contraoller(market one can burn a wide varieties of PIC)

MORE>>

40 thoughts on “Micro controllers

  1. i recently stumbled upon this site….can you put up some basic resources for programming AVR microcontrollers in c…i would be very thankful to you

  2. Hii..
    i m using PIC 16f877 for my project..its a robot which does line following and obstacle detection..
    v hv designed and tested the sensor ckts and all the outputs are satisfactory..but after i programmed the PIC and interfaced the various sensor ckts wid the PIC,, something goes wrong n it works strangely. if i simulate the prog i hv written using MPSIM it shows the desired outputs..so nothin is wroong wid the prog..
    are der any considerations to be taken when connecting the sensor o/ps to the PIC..like for eg. impedence matching etc.. also is a 1kohm resistor reqd to be put b/w the i/p pin and gnd??

    also i hv 2 motors…1for fwd/back and othr for left/right control which are controlled by the PIC…and i use a 4.8v 600ma rechargeable battery to drive the motors..can i use the h bridge ckt using ULN2003 described by u..on dis site.. if yes plz explain me how..
    Thanking you…

  3. sambhav, i need more clues of why it doesn work.

    Then for H-Bridge use L293D. Try the uln on this site, i suspect small technical problems doing so if the transistors are not properly saturated. Put appropriate resistances at base and try if u want to.

    I would suggest u to make your work easier using L298/293D

  4. QUALITY MACHINE TOOLS CORPORATION (SINCE 1982)
    108-JAWAHAR MARG, INDORE – 452004 (MP) INDIA
    PH – 2343911 – 12 – 13 Cell – 9826025108, 9827025108, 9300025108
    Fax – 0731-2343914 e-mail – qmtc@sancharnet.in /qmrcindore@gmail.com

    ENQ. 38680 August 29, 2007
    DEAR SIR,
    PLEASE OFFER SEND UPTO-05/09/2007
    Annexure-1

    Item: Micro-controller based pulsed field Hysteresis loop displayer system with accessories.
    QTY- 1 Set
    1. Basic Equipment, Qty- 1 set
    2. Accessories:
    I. Magnetization system & pickup coil assembly, Qty- 1 No.
    II. Pulse power Supply & processor, Qty- 1 No.
    III. Data acquisition system (DAQ), Qty-1 No.

    Specifications:

    1.Basic specification:
    1) Maximum pulsed magnetic field : 5.0 KOe
    2) Magnetization sensitivity : 0.1 emu
    3) Accuracy: 1 to 5%
    4) Pulse magnetic field shape : sine wave from with 20 ms base width.
    5) Special features:
    ◙ It shall be suitable for measurement of saturation Magnetization, Remanence & coercivity of sample in Gauss& specific magnetization in emu at Room Temperature
    2. Constructional:
    Pulse field magnetic hysteresis loop displayer system shall be consisting of
    1) Electronic module (includes pulsed power supply, signal processor & data acquisition system)
    2) Magnetization unit (solenoid) & pick up coil
    3) Data acquisition- software program – windows PC based with printer friendly facility
    3. Electronics system:

    It shall consists of following units:
    1) Signal processing unit: It shall be capable of processing magnetization signal voltage induced in the pick- up coil by using integration, amplification & phase correcting circuits & reads in terms of magnetization of the sample. It shall be equipped with one RS-232 port for data acquisition system.
    2) Data acquisition system with software program: This system shall have two channels, which are to be micro-controller based design with fast digitizing & high-resolution circuit. This shall automatically acquire signal from the two channels (x- magnetic field strength), (y- Magnetization / magnetic moment) & sends the data two computer through RS-232 port. A data acquisition software to be designed to plot the hysteresis loop & hysteresis loop parameters like saturation magnetization (4מּMs), Remanence, Coercivity etc.
    I. Software program windows based program, which transfers data through RS-232 interface.
    II. The measured values of hysteresis parameters are displayed along with the hysteresis loop plot & to be printed with any standard printer.
    III. The X-Y scale of hysteresis graph plots to be changed manually.
    IV. The acquired data to be saved as files and reproduce for future reference & analysis.
    4.Magnetization System with pick-up coil Assembly:
    Magnetization system: solenoid type with
    I. Solenoid- inner diameter : -30-35mm
    II. Outer diameter of solenoid : 70-75mm
    III. Length of solenoid : 100-150mm
    IV. Magnetization mode : 5 KOe
    V. Magnetization mode : solenoidal pulse of about 20-30 ms base width pickup coil system: It shall be consisting of winding of fine copper wire on a former with the solenoid. There are two winding whose resultant output to be connected to a balancing network consisting of magnitude and phase balance.

    ◙ Kindly specify the requirement of PC- specification for the above micro –controller based pulsed field Hysteresis loop displayer system.

    Important Note:

    1. Bidder is required to submit technical brochure, make, model, etc, along with their offer.

    Thank you,
    For quality machine tools corporation.
    SUNIL JAIN

  5. hi madan!
    I am using ATmega32 microcontroller for my micromouse. so can you give me some information about the development board for it. it will be a great help if you give me the components and the crcuits to be used.you can mail me at desh_prateek@rediffmail.com

  6. sir,
    v r using vtg measured across potentiometer as feedback. it is given to PIC16F877 . but don kno to which pin . and in the program v r
    generating PWM n is given to power driver circuit which is used to drive stepper motor . but in 16F PIC there r 2 pins like PWMinput n PWMoutput . which among them has to b used . could u guide us pl…. thanku ….

  7. sir,
    v r using vtg measured across potentiometer as feedback. it is given to PIC16F877 . but don kno to which pin . and in the program v r
    generating PWM n is given to power driver circuit which is used to drive stepper motor . but in 16F PIC there r 2 pins like PWMinput n PWMoutput . which among them has to b used . could u guide us pl…. thanku

  8. hi madan,
    could u tel which uln i mean its number. is there any ic which can drive 6a stepper motor without using rekays since v r doin project in electronics based there is no provision for relays .

  9. Hi,

    A group of us are building an automated acoustic guitar as part of a school project. We are in the midst of trying to figure out the type of micro controllers to use.

    We are planning on using solenoids to fret and pluck the guitar strings. So, I’m looking for a micro controller that will do this. Any advice anyone can give will be greatly appreciated.

    Thanks,
    Roshini

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    टोटल प्रोजेक्ट् सोलुशन्स
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    டொடல் ப்ரொஜெக்ட் ஸொலுடிஒன்ஸ்
    ஏ-7/83F , அஷொக ஸொகிஎட்ய்
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    ಟೊಟಲ್ ಪ್ರೊಜೆcಟ್ ಸೊಲುಟಿಒನ್ಸ್
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  12. hi!mathan.i had to build a line following robot n i could not find a suitable complete circuit 4 that.Can u help me?

  13. i have a simple burner JDM type which can burn lot of chips using winpic800….chip that can be burned are…
    PIC10F200
    PIC10F202
    PIC10F204
    PIC10F206
    PIC10F220
    PIC10F222
    PIC12F508
    PIC12F509
    PIC12F510
    PIC12F609
    PIC12HV609
    PIC12F615
    PIC12HV615
    PIC12F629
    PIC12F635
    rfPIC12F675
    PIC12F683
    PIC16F54
    PIC16F57
    PIC16F59
    PIC16F505
    PIC16F506
    PIC16F610
    PIC16HV610
    PIC16F616
    PIC16HV616
    PIC16F627
    PIC16F627A
    PIC16F628
    PIC16F628A
    PIC16F630
    PIC16F631
    PIC16F636
    PIC16F639
    PIC16F648A
    PIC16F676
    PIC16F677
    PIC16F684
    PIC16F685
    PIC16F687
    PIC16F688
    PIC16F689
    PIC16F690
    PIC16F72
    PIC16F73
    PIC16F74
    PIC16F76
    PIC16F77
    PIC16F716
    PIC16F737
    PIC16F747
    PIC16F767
    PIC16F777
    PIC16F785
    PIC16HV785
    PIC16F83
    PIC16F84
    PIC16F84A
    PIC16F87
    PIC16F88
    PIC16F818
    PIC16F819
    PIC16F870
    PIC16F871
    PIC16F872
    PIC16F873
    PIC16F873A
    PIC16F874
    PIC16F874A
    PIC16F876
    PIC16F876A
    PIC16F877
    PIC16F877A
    PIC16F882
    PIC16F883
    PIC16F884
    PIC16F886
    PIC16F887
    PIC16F913
    PIC16F914
    PIC16F916
    PIC16F917
    PIC16F946
    PIC16C61
    PIC16C62
    PIC16C62A/B
    PIC16C63
    PIC16C63A
    PIC16C64
    PIC16C64A
    PIC16C65
    PIC16C65A/B
    PIC16C66
    PIC16C67
    PIC16C620/A
    PIC16C621/A
    PIC16C622/A
    PIC16CE623
    PIC16CE624
    PIC16CE625
    PIC16C71
    PIC16C72
    PIC16C72a
    PIC16C73
    PIC16C73A/B
    PIC16C74
    PIC16C74A/B
    PIC16C76
    PIC16C77
    PIC16C710
    PIC16C711
    PIC16C712
    PIC16C716
    PIC16C745
    PIC16C765
    PIC16C773
    PIC16C774
    PIC16C923
    PIC16C924
    PIC16C925
    PIC16C926
    PIC18F1220
    PIC18F1230
    PIC18F1320
    PIC18F1330
    PIC18F1330-ICD
    PIC18F2220
    PIC18F2221
    PIC18F2320
    PIC18F2321
    PIC18F2331
    PIC18F2410
    PIC18F242-2439
    PIC18F2420
    PIC18F2423
    PIC18F2431
    PIC18F2450
    PIC18F2455
    PIC18F2458
    PIC18F248
    PIC18F2480
    PIC18F2510
    PIC18F2515
    PIC18F252-2539
    PIC18F2520
    PIC18F2523
    PIC18F2525
    PIC18F2550
    PIC18F2553
    PIC18F258
    PIC18F2580
    PIC18F2585
    PIC18F2610
    PIC18F2620
    PIC18F2680
    PIC18F2682
    PIC18F2685
    PIC18F4220
    PIC18F4221
    PIC18F4320
    PIC18F4321
    PIC18F4331
    PIC18F4410
    PIC18F442-4439
    PIC18F4420
    PIC18F4423
    PIC18F4431
    PIC18F4450
    PIC18F4455
    PIC18F4458
    PIC18F448
    PIC18F4480
    PIC18F4510
    PIC18F4515
    PIC18F452-4539
    PIC18F4520
    PIC18F4523
    PIC18F4525
    PIC18F4550
    PIC18F4553
    PIC18F458
    PIC18F4580
    PIC18F4585
    PIC18F4610
    PIC18F4620
    PIC18F4680
    PIC18F4682
    PIC18F4685

    PIC18F6310
    PIC18F6390
    PIC18F6410
    PIC18F6490
    PIC18F6520
    PIC18F6525
    PIC18F6527
    PIC18F6585
    PIC18F6620
    PIC18F6621
    PIC18F6622
    PIC18F6627
    PIC18F6680
    PIC18F6720
    PIC18F6722
    PIC18F8310
    PIC18F8390
    PIC18F8410
    PIC18F8490
    PIC18F8520
    PIC18F8525
    PIC18F8527
    PIC18F8585
    PIC18F8620
    PIC18F8621
    PIC18F8622
    PIC18F8627
    PIC18F8680
    PIC18F8720
    PIC18F8722
    PIC18F24J10
    PIC18F25J10
    PIC18F44J10
    PIC18F45J10
    PIC18LF24J10
    PIC18LF25J10
    PIC18LF44J10
    PIC18LF45J10
    PIC18F63J11
    PIC18F63J90
    PIC18F64J11
    PIC18F64J90
    PIC18F65J10
    PIC18F65J11
    PIC18F65J15
    PIC18F65J50
    PIC18F65J90
    PIC18F66J10
    PIC18F66J11
    PIC18F66J15
    PIC18F66J16
    PIC18F66J50
    PIC18F66J55
    PIC18F66J60
    PIC18F66J65
    PIC18F67J10
    PIC18F67J11
    PIC18F67J50
    PIC18F67J60
    PIC18F83J11
    PIC18F83J90
    PIC18F84J11
    PIC18F84J90
    PIC18F85J10
    PIC18F85J11
    PIC18F85J15
    PIC18F85J50
    PIC18F85J90
    PIC18F86J10
    PIC18F86J11
    PIC18F86J15
    PIC18F86J16
    PIC18F86J50
    PIC18F86J55
    PIC18F86J60
    PIC18F86J65
    PIC18F87J10
    PIC18F87J11
    PIC18F87J50
    PIC18F87J60
    PIC18F96J60
    PIC18F96J65
    PIC18F97J60
    PIC24FJ16GA002
    PIC24FJ16GA004
    PIC24FJ32GA002
    PIC24FJ32GA004
    PIC24FJ48GA002
    PIC24FJ48GA004
    PIC24FJ64GA002
    PIC24FJ64GA004
    PIC24FJ64GA006
    PIC24FJ64GA008
    PIC24FJ64GA010
    PIC24FJ96GA006
    PIC24FJ96GA008
    PIC24FJ96GA010
    PIC24FJ128GA006
    PIC24FJ128GA008
    PIC24FJ128GA010
    PIC24FJ128GA106
    PIC24FJ128GA108
    PIC24FJ128GA110
    PIC24FJ192GA106
    PIC24FJ192GA108
    PIC24FJ192GA110
    PIC24FJ256GA106
    PIC24FJ256GA108
    PIC24FJ256GA110
    PIC24FJ64GB108
    PIC24FJ64GB106
    PIC24FJ64GB110
    PIC24FJ128GB106
    PIC24FJ128GB108
    PIC24FJ128GB110
    PIC24FJ192GB106
    PIC24FJ192GB108
    PIC24FJ192GB110
    PIC24FJ256GB106
    PIC24FJ256GB108
    PIC24FJ256GB110
    PIC24HJ12GP201
    PIC24HJ12GP202
    PIC24HJ16GP304
    PIC24HJ32GP202
    PIC24HJ32GP204
    PIC24HJ32GP302
    PIC24HJ32GP304
    PIC24HJ64GP202
    PIC24HJ64GP204
    PIC24HJ64GP206
    PIC24HJ64GP210
    PIC24HJ64GP502
    PIC24HJ64GP504
    PIC24HJ64GP506
    PIC24HJ64GP510
    PIC24HJ128GP202
    PIC24HJ128GP204
    PIC24HJ128GP206
    PIC24HJ128GP210
    PIC24HJ128GP306
    PIC24HJ128GP310
    PIC24HJ128GP502
    PIC24HJ128GP504
    PIC24HJ128GP506
    PIC24HJ128GP510
    PIC24HJ256GP206
    PIC24HJ256GP210
    PIC24HJ256GP610 dsPIC30F1010
    dsPIC30F2010
    dsPIC30F2011
    dsPIC30F2012
    dsPIC30F2020
    dsPIC30F2023
    dsPIC30F3010
    dsPIC30F3011
    dsPIC30F3012
    dsPIC30F3013
    dsPIC30F3014
    dsPIC30F4011
    dsPIC30F4012
    dsPIC30F4013
    dsPIC30F5011
    dsPIC30F5013
    dsPIC30F5015
    dsPIC30F5016
    dsPIC30F6010
    dsPIC30F6010A
    dsPIC30F6011
    dsPIC30F6011A
    dsPIC30F6012
    dsPIC30F6012A
    dsPIC30F60123
    dsPIC30F6013A
    dsPIC30F6014
    dsPIC30F6014A
    dsPIC30F6015 dsPIC33FJ06GS101
    dsPIC33FJ06GS102
    dsPIC33FJ06GS202
    dsPIC33FJ16GS402
    dsPIC33FJ16GS404
    dsPIC33FJ16GS502
    dsPIC33FJ16GS504

    dsPIC33FJ12GP201
    dsPIC33FJ12GP202
    dsPIC33FJ16GP304
    dsPIC33FJ32GP202
    dsPIC33FJ32GP204
    dsPIC33FJ32GP302
    dsPIC33FJ32GP304
    dsPIC33FJ64GP202
    dsPIC33FJ64GP204
    dsPIC33FJ64GP206
    dsPIC33FJ64GP306
    dsPIC33FJ64GP310
    dsPIC33FJ64GP706
    dsPIC33FJ64GP708
    dsPIC33FJ64GP710
    dsPIC33FJ64GP802
    dsPIC33FJ64GP804
    dsPIC33FJ128GP202
    dsPIC33FJ128GP204
    dsPIC33FJ128GP206
    dsPIC33FJ128GP306
    dsPIC33FJ128GP310
    dsPIC33FJ128GP706
    dsPIC33FJ128GP708
    dsPIC33FJ128GP710
    dsPIC33FJ128GP802
    dsPIC33FJ128GP804
    dsPIC33FJ256GP506
    dsPIC33FJ256GP510
    dsPIC33FJ256GP710
    dsPIC33FJ12MC201
    dsPIC33FJ12MC202
    dsPIC33FJ16MC304
    dsPIC33FJ32MC202
    dsPIC33FJ32MC204
    dsPIC33FJ32MC302
    dsPIC33FJ32MC304
    dsPIC33FJ64MC202
    dsPIC33FJ64MC204
    dsPIC33FJ64MC506
    dsPIC33FJ64MC508
    dsPIC33FJ64MC510
    dsPIC33FJ64MC706
    dsPIC33FJ64MC710
    dsPIC33FJ64MC802
    dsPIC33FJ64MC804
    dsPIC33FJ128MC202
    dsPIC33FJ128MC204
    dsPIC33FJ128MC506
    dsPIC33FJ128MC510
    dsPIC33FJ128MC706
    dsPIC33FJ128MC708
    dsPIC33FJ128MC710
    dsPIC33FJ128MC802
    dsPIC33FJ128MC804
    dsPIC33FJ256MC510
    dsPIC33FJ256MC710
    PIC32MX320F032H
    PIC32MX320F064H
    PIC32MX320F128H
    PIC32MX320F128L
    PIC32MX340F256H
    PIC32MX360F256L
    PIC32MX360F512L
    AT90S1200
    AT90S2313
    AT90S2323
    AT90S2333
    AT90S2343
    AT90S4414
    AT90S4433
    AT90S8515 ATmega8
    ATmega16
    ATmega32
    ATmega48
    ATmega64
    ATmega88
    ATmega128
    ATmega162
    ATmega168
    ATmega8515
    ATmega8535 ATtiny11
    ATtiny12
    ATtiny13
    ATtiny26
    ATtiny28L
    ATtiny2313
    24C01
    24C02
    24C04
    24C08
    24C16
    24C32
    24C64
    24C128
    24C256
    24C512 24AA00
    24AA01
    24AA02
    24AA04
    24AA08
    24AA16
    24AA024
    24AA025
    24AA32A
    24AA64
    24AA128
    24AA256
    24AA512
    24AA1025 24LC00
    24LC01B
    24LC02B
    24LC04B
    24LC08B
    24LC16B
    24LC024
    24LC025
    24LC32A
    24LC64
    24LC128
    24LC256
    24LC512
    24LC1025 24C00
    24FC128
    24FC256
    24FC512
    24FC1025
    93AA46A
    93AA56A
    93AA66A
    93AA76A
    93AA86A

    93AA46B
    93AA56B
    93AA66B
    93AA76B
    93AA86B 93AA46C
    93AA56C
    93AA66C
    93AA76C
    93AA86C

    93LC46A
    93LC56A
    93LC66A
    93LC76A
    93LC86A 93LC46B
    93LC56B
    93LC66B
    93LC76B
    93LC86B

    93LC46C
    93LC56C
    93LC66C
    93LC76C
    93LC86C 93C46A
    93C56A
    93C66A
    93C76A
    93C86A
    93C46B
    93C56B
    93C66B
    93C76B
    93C86B 93C46C
    93C56C
    93C66C
    93C76C
    93C86C
    if any one need schematic or layout for free…. send me mail at zubairaw@gmail.com

  14. Hiii

    thx for helping us with ur really good articles

    can u xplain in detail abt the format of intel hex file
    also some rom burners use binary files what is thje difference between them.

    thx in advance

  15. Hello madan ,I would like to know the abbreviation of this controller PIC24HJ32GP302….that is .what tat 24 in that name..likewise 32 and 302 ..Please clarify me as soon as possible .
    Thanks in advance

  16. i want the embedded c pgrogram codes for the topic that entered.
    topic is automatic house cleaning robot,which deviates its path when an obstracles come in front of it.i choose ir sensors for obstracle detection and pic16f876a as my microcontroller.plz send this codes to my mail

  17. yOU BOUGHT A PROGRAMMER FROM THE MARKET 4500?HERE THEY SELL ON THE MARKET ONLY VEGTABLES AND CHEAP CHINA GOODS. wHAT MARKET ARE YOU TALKING ABOUT? AND 4500 IS IN WHAT CURRENCY?

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